As we all know in an era dominated by rapidly advancing technology, cyber security has become a critical concern for individuals, businesses, websites, online platforms and organizations alike. As the digital landscape evolves, so do the threats that can compromise information, website security, sensitive data and systems. Penetration testing help to secure website and often known as pen testing, has emerged as a crucial strategy to identify and address vulnerabilities, loop holes, data breaching and virus in a proactive manner.

What is Penetration Testing?

Penetration testing is a methodical and simulated cyber attack on a computer system, website, network, or application to identify potential security vulnerabilities, loop holes, and bugs. Also known as ethical hacking, pen testing is conducted by skilled professionals or white hat hackers with the goal of uncovering weaknesses, vulnerabilities that malicious hackers could exploit. The primary objective is to assess the effectiveness of an organization's security measures and provide actionable insights to enhance its overall cyber security posture. Pen testing helps you to secure website, application, and your network.

What is six step of pen testing.

  1. Information Gathering
  2. Scanning website or network
  3. Enumeration
  4. Vulnerability Ass.
  5. Exploit Research
  6. Reporting to owner

What are the types of penetration testing.

Black Box Testing

In black box testing, penetration testers operate with minimal to no prior knowledge of the target system, website or network. Testers must rely on their skills, ability and tools to identify vulnerabilities, making black box testing an effective way to assess an organization's external security posture. Most difficult and complex way to test any type of network and website.

White Box Testing

White box testing, also known as clear box or glass box testing, where you have information you wants to know about network and website data and these testing stands in stark contrast to black box testing. Here, penetration testers have full knowledge of the internal workings of the target system. This approach mimics an insider threat scenario, allowing testers to explore the depths of the system's architecture, code, and configurations.

Grey Box Testing

Grey box testing strikes a balance between black box and white box testing. Testers have partial knowledge of the target system, network or website, simulating a scenario where an attacker has acquired some insider information. This approach provides a more nuanced assessment, allowing testers to focus on specific areas of concern while still exploring the system from an outsider's perspective.

5. Programming skills

  • Python language
  • JavaScript language
  • C and C++ language
  • Java language
  • PHP language
  • Ruby language
  • MySQL Database
  • Bash / Shell programming
  • Powershell programming
  • Assembly language


You can use python for network scanning, penetration testing and also for malware analysis.

JavaScript (Node.js)

You can use javascript for web application security attack like XSS = Cross site scripting and CSRF = Cross site request forgery. Also use for browser based attacks and build and analysis attack.

C and C++

You can use c and c++ languages for exploit development, reverse engineering and analyze and compile code.

Java Programming

You can use java language for enterprise application security, develop and secure large security assessments and also for security on web and apps on internet.

PHP HypyerText Preprocessor

You can use php language for web application security, identify and secure vulnerability, server side security and also for secure server side components written in php.

PHP HyperText Preprocessor

You can use php language for web application security, identify and secure vulnerability, server side security and also for secure server side components written in php.

Ruby language

You can use ruby for scripting and automation, security and automate various cyber security tasks, tool design and development, and also for develop custom tools for pen testing.

MySQL Database

You can use sql or mysql database for database security, preventing unauthorized access, sql injection vulnerability analysis and also for sql injection attacks on web applications.

Bash / Shell languages

You can use bash and shell for all important linux tools, automation like script automate tasks, configuration management like manage and secure system.

Powershell languages

You can use powershell for incident response include malware detect and threat hunting with proactive threat hunting on window environment.

Assembly language

You can use assembly languages for reverse engineering with disassembling and understanding compile code, malware analysis at low level with assembly.

What is report writing in penetration testing?

In penetration testing, report writing is a comprehensive task that includes methodology, procedures, proper explanation of report content and design, detailed example of testing report, and tester personal experience. Once the report in prepared, it is shared with the senior management staff and technical team of target organizations. In report you need to explain what tools you use to find the bug and how to fix it.

Report Writing Stages

  1. Report Planning
  2. Information Collection
  3. Write the First Draft
  4. Review and Finalization

FAQs about penetration testing

Why is penetration testing necessary?

Penetration testing is crucial for several reasons:

Identifying Vulnerabilities:

It helps uncover weaknesses in systems before malicious actors can exploit them. Website or network security you have to fix with pen testing.

Compliance requirements

Many industries and regulatory bodies mandate regular penetration testing to ensure data security and compliance. When we change or update our network or website then we need pen testing.

Risk Mitigation

By identifying and addressing vulnerabilities, organizations can reduce the risk of data breaches and financial losses. Users data compromise or your website data or security compromise.

Who conducts penetration tests?

Penetration tests are typically carried out by certified ethical hackers or cyber security professionals with expertise in ethical hacking. These individuals possess the skills and knowledge to simulate real-world cyber attacks without causing any harm.

How often should penetration testing be conducted?

The frequency of penetration testing depends on various factors, including the industry, regulatory requirements, and changes to the system. However, it is generally recommended to conduct tests annually or after significant system changes, website or network update.

Is penetration testing legal?

Yes, penetration testing is legal when conducted with proper authorization, and with the permission of owners. Organizations seeking to test their systems should obtain written consent from the system owners to avoid legal repercussions.

What happens after a penetration test?

After completing a penetration test, a detailed report is generated, highlighting vulnerabilities, their severity, and recommended mitigation strategies. Organizations can use this information to enhance their security measures and address potential risks with tools they use and also if you have more programming language or coding skills then you can fix there loop holes. If you want to learn how to code then you can check out our code blog also.


In the ever-evolving landscape of cyber security threats, penetration testing remains a vital component of proactive defense strategies. By embracing ethical hacking, organizations can stay one step ahead of potential cyber threats, safeguarding sensitive data and ensuring a robust cyber security posture. As technology continues to advance, penetration testing will remain a cornerstone in the ongoing battle against cyber threats. Happy Pen Testing.